New York City is the biggest city in the United States and is also known as ‘the city that never sleeps’ or ‘the Big Apple’. With an amount of about 9,5 million inhabitants living and travelling on a small space at the end of the Hudson River it is one of global power and most densely populated cities in the world.
New York City traces its roots back to 1624 when it was used as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch republic which gave it the name New Amsterdam. Some decades later it became British whom changed the name to New York. Since the foundation New York grew in size rapidly and is now one of the world leading cities.
In the last two decades two major disasters have happened for New York City starting with the 9/11 attacks in 2001. The terrorist attack on the Twin Towers (original World Trade Center) cost the life of many civilians and caused an enormous economic damage. The rebuilding of the area has created a memorial area and a new highest building: One World Trade Center (also known as the Freedom Tower). Then some years ago, in 2012, hurricane Sandy also hit New York City causing a storm surge which flooded numerous streets, tunnels and subway lines. To minimize the risk of these consequences in future events New York City has started constructing a seawall and other coastal barriers around the shoreline of the city.
Looking beyond all the civil engineering, New York City has a lot of other things to offer from Central Park and the Statue of Liberty to Wallstreet and the New York Yankees (baseball).